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In vitro acaricidal activity of Piper nigrum and Piper longum fruit extracts and their active components against Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus ticks

Godara, R., Verma, M. K., Katoch, R., Yadav, A., Dutt, P., Satti, N. K., Katoch, M.
Experimental & applied acarology 2018 v.75 no.3 pp. 333-343
Piper longum, Piper nigrum, Rhipicephalus microplus, acaricidal properties, acarology, adults, bioassays, dose response, females, fruit extracts, mortality, oviposition, ticks
In vitro acaricidal activity of Piper nigrum and P. longum fruit extracts and their active components (piperine for P. nigrum and piperine and piperlonguminine for P. longum) was evaluated against adults engorged females of Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus using adult immersion test. Three concentrations of each extract with four replications were used in the bioassay. Extracts significantly affected mortality rates of ticks in dose-dependent manner ranged 12.5–95.8% for P. nigrum and 29.2–87.5% for P. longum, with an additional effect on the reproductive physiology of ticks by inhibiting oviposition (28.1–96.9% by P. nigrum and 36.1–89.3% by P. longum). However, the acaricidal and oviposition limiting properties were decreased significantly when the active component(s) of each extract was tested separately. However, the combination of piperine and piperlonguminine (obtained from P. longum extract) caused 79.2% mortality of ticks which is equivalent to the corresponding concentration (~ 5%) of the extract. It can be concluded that the fruit extracts of P. nigrum and P. longum had both acaricidal and oviposition limiting actions against the adults of R. (B.) microplus which could make it a valuable component of developing sustainable strategy for integrated tick management.