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Inheritance and gene mapping of spotted to non-spotted trait gene CmSp-1 in melon (Cucumis melo L. var. chinensis Pangalo)

Lv, Jianchun, Fu, Qiushi, Lai, Yan, Zhou, Mengdi, Wang, Huaisong
Molecular breeding 2018 v.38 no.8 pp. 105
Cucumis melo, chromosome mapping, chromosomes, dominant genes, genetic analysis, genetic distance, genotype, inheritance (genetics), marker-assisted selection, melons, phenotype, prediction, purchasing, vegetables
Melon (Cucumis melo L.) is one of the most popular and highly nutritious vegetable species within Cucurbitaceae. Because appearance is used as an important indicator of quality, the spotted to non-spotted trait associated with this product somewhat influences the buying habits of consumers. We tested a six-generation family to determine the inheritance and genetic basis of this trait. Genetic groups F₁, F₂, BC₁P₁, and BC₁P₂ were from a cross between “IM16559” (non-spotted) and “IM16553” (spotted). Our genetic analysis showed that the spotted to non-spotted trait was controlled by a single dominant gene that we named CmSp-1. Whole-genome resequencing-bulked segregant analysis (WG-BSA) demonstrated that this gene was located on the end of chromosome 2, in the intersections of 22,160,000 to 22,180,000 bp and 22,260,000 to 26,180,000 bp, an interval distance of 3.94 Mb. Insertion-deletion (InDel) markers designed based on WG-BSA data were used to map this gene. Using 13 InDel markers, we produced a genetic map indicating that CmSp-1 was tightly linked to markers I734-2 and I757, with genetic distances of 1.8 and 0.4 cM and an interval distance of 280.872 kb. The closest marker was I757. Testing of 107 different melon genotypes presented an accuracy of 84.11% in predicting the phenotype. By being able to locate CmSp-1 in melon, we can now use the findings to identify potential targets for further marker-assisted breeding and cloning projects.