Main content area

Chrysotile and rock wool fibers induce chromosome aberrations and DNA damage in V79 lung fibroblast cells

Cui, Yan, Ma, Ji, Ye, Wei, Han, Zhixia, Dong, Faqin, Deng, Jianjun, Zhang, Qingbi
Environmental science and pollution research international 2018 v.25 no.23 pp. 22328-22333
DNA damage, asbestos, carcinogenicity, chromosome aberrations, cytotoxicity, dose response, fibroblasts, gel electrophoresis, lung neoplasms, lungs, mesothelioma, micronucleus tests, mutagenicity, occupational exposure, China
According to global estimates, at least 107,000 people die each year from asbestos-related lung cancer, mesothelioma, and asbestosis resulting from occupational exposure. Chrysotile accounts for approximately 90% of asbestos used worldwide. Artificial substitutes can also be cytotoxic to the same degree as chrysotile. But only a few researchers focused on their genetic effects and mutagenicity information which is useful in evaluating the carcinogenicity of chemicals. In this study, chrysotile from Mangnai, Qinghai, China, and an artificial substitute, rock wool fiber were prepared as suspensions and were tested at concentrations of 50, 100, and 200 μg/ml in V79 lung fibroblasts. Chromosome aberrations were detected by micronucleus assay after exposure for 24 h, and DNA damage were estimated by single cell gel electrophoresis after exposure for 12, 24, or 48 h. According to the results, chrysotile and rock wool fibers caused micronuclei to form in a dose-dependent manner in V79 cells; olive tail moment values increased in a dose- and time-dependent manner. When V79 cells were exposed to a concentration of 200 μg/ml, the degree of DNA damage induced by chrysotile fibers was greater than rock wool fibers. Our study suggests that both chrysotile and rock wool fibers could induce chromosome aberrations and DNA damage. These materials are worthy of further study.