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Methanogenic community structure in simultaneous methanogenesis and denitrification granular sludge
- Sun, Yujiao, Zhao, Juanjuan, Chen, Lili, Liu, Yueqiao, Zuo, Jiane
- Frontiers of environmental science & engineering 2018 v.12 no.4 pp. 10
- Methanobacteriaceae, Methanosaetaceae, community structure, denitrification, granules, methane production, methanogens, molecular cloning, nitrates, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, sludge, upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor, wastewater
- A laboratory scale up-flow anaerobic sludge bed (UASB) bioreactor fed with synthetic wastewater was operated with simultaneous methanogenesis and denitrification (SMD) granules for 235 days with a gradient decrease of C/N. Molecular cloning, qRT-PCR and T-RFLP were applied to study the methanogenic community structures in SMD granules and their changes in response to changing influent C/N. The results indicate that when C/N was 20:1, the methane production rate was fastest, and Methanosaetaceae and Methanobacteriaceae were the primary methanogens within the Archaea. The richness and evenness of methanogenic bacteria was best with the highest T-RFLP diversity index of 1.627 in the six granular sludge samples. When C/N was reduced from 20:1 to 5:1, the methanogenic activity of SMD granules decreased gradually, and the relative quantities of methanogens decreased from 36.5% to 10.9%. The abundance of Methanosaetaceae in Archaea increased from 64.5% to 84.2%, while that of Methanobacteriaceae decreased from 18.6% to 11.8%, and the richness and evenness of methanogens decreased along with the T-RFLP diversity index to 1.155, suggesting that the community structure reflected the succession to an unstable condition represented by high nitrate concentrations.