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Newcastle disease virus-attenuated vaccine LaSota played a key role in the pathogenicity of contaminated exogenous virus

Su, Qi, Li, Yang, Zhang, Yawen, Zhang, Zhihui, Meng, Fanfeng, Cui, Zhizhong, Chang, Shuang, Zhao, Peng
Veterinary research 2018 v.49 no.1 pp. 80
Adenoviridae, Chicken anemia virus, Newcastle disease, Newcastle disease virus, antibodies, chickens, disease severity, flocks, live vaccines, mixed infection, pathogenicity, veterinary medicine, viruses, China
Newcastle disease virus (NDV)-attenuated vaccine has been widely used since the 1950s and made great progress in preventing and controlling Newcastle disease. However, many reports mention exogenous virus contamination in attenuated vaccines, while co-contamination with fowl adenovirus (FAdV) and chicken infectious anaemia virus (CIAV) in the NDV-attenuated vaccine also emerged in China recently, which proved to be an important reason for the outbreaks of inclusion body hepatitis–hydropericardium syndrome in some flocks. It is amazing that exogenous virus contamination at extremely low doses still infected chickens and induced severe disease; thus, we speculated that there must be some interaction between the NDV-attenuated vaccine and the contaminated exogenous viruses within. Accordingly, simulation experiments were launched using FAdV and CIAV isolated from the abovementioned vaccine. The results showed that the pathogenicity of FAdV and CIAV co-infection through the contaminated vaccine was significantly higher than that of direct oral infection, while the synergistic reaction of these viruses and LaSota prompted their multiplication in vivo and disturbed the production of antibodies against each other. This study showed the interactions of FAdV, CIAV and LaSota after using contaminated NDV-attenuated vaccine, helping us to understand how the contaminated exogenous viruses cause infection and induce severe disease at a relatively low dose through the oral route.