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Documenting Resistance and Physiological Changes in Soybean Challenged by Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae)

Jesus, F G, Marchi-Werle, L, Fischer, H D, Posadas, L G, Graef, G L, Heng-Moss, T
Neotropical entomology 2018 v.47 no.5 pp. 717-724
Aphis glycines, antibiosis, antixenosis, chlorophyll, crop production, enzyme activity, genotype, peroxidase, protein content, soybeans
The soybean aphid, Aphis glycines Matsumura (Hemiptera: Aphididae), is a limiting factor in soybean production in the North Central region of the USA. The objectives of this work were to identify sources of resistance to A. glycines in 14 soybean genotypes, and also document changes in total protein, peroxidase, and chlorophyll in response to aphid feeding. A reduced number of A. glycines was observed on the genotypes UX 2569-159-2-01 and UX 2570-171- 04, indicating the presence of antixenosis and/or antibiosis. UX 2569-159-2-01 expressed the highest level of resistance; whereas, UX 2570-171-04 had moderate levels of resistance to A. glycines. Chlorophyll content was relatively unaffected by A. glycines, except for a reduction in UX 2569-159-2-01 infested plants at 5 and 15 days after infestation (DAI). No changes were detected in total protein content between infested and control plants for the genotypes analyzed; however, peroxidase activity was higher in infested UX 2570-171-04 at both 5 and 10 DAI. This improvement in peroxidase content in infested UX 2570-171-04 may be playing multiple roles in the plant tolerance.