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Comparison of commercial baker’s yeast versus bacteria-based membrane bioreactors for landfill leachate treatment

Author:
Amaral, M. C. S., Brito, G. C. B., Reis, B. G., Lange, L. C., Moravia, W. G.
Source:
Environmental technology 2018 v.39 no.18 pp. 2365-2372
ISSN:
1479-487X
Subject:
Saccharomyces cerevisiae, air, ammonium nitrogen, chemical oxygen demand, color, environmental technology, fouling, inoculum, landfill leachates, membrane bioreactors, permeability, phosphorus, pollutants, sludge
Abstract:
This study compares the performance of the membrane bioreactor (MBR) inoculated with commercial baker’s yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae) (MBRy) versus one inoculated with bacterial sludge (MBRb) for treatment of landfill leachate. The MBRb and MBRy were operated with a hydraulic retention time of 48 h, solids retention time of 60 d, and specific air demand based on membrane area of 0.6 m³ h⁻¹ m⁻². The MBRy was more efficient in removing chemical oxygen demand (COD) (68 ± 12%), color (79 ± 8%), ammoniacal nitrogen (58 ± 18%), and phosphorus (62 ± 19%) compared to MBRb, which showed removal efficiencies of 44 ± 18%, 46 ± 20%, 45 ± 17%, and 29 ± 15% for COD, color, ammoniacal nitrogen, and phosphorus. Furthermore, the MBRy had lower production of soluble microbial products, which are the main cause of membrane fouling, and so a lower membrane fouling potential. The average hydraulic permeability of the MBRy (32.23 L m⁻² h⁻¹ bar⁻¹) was about four times higher than that of the MBRb (8.34 L m⁻² h⁻¹ bar⁻¹). Thus using commercial baker’s yeasts as a MBR inoculum can enhance pollutants’ removal and membrane performance.
Agid:
6082774