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Evaluation of Commercial‐scale Approaches for Cryopreservation of White Crappie, Pomoxis annularis, Sperm

Culpepper, Charlie M., III, Guitreau, Amy M., Allred, Shay, Tiersch, Terrence R., Allen, Peter J.
Journal of the World Aquaculture Society 2018 v.49 no.4 pp. 725-734
Pomoxis annularis, adults, cryopreservation, cryoprotectants, dimethyl sulfoxide, eggs, game fish, hatcheries, ice, in vitro fertilization, methanol, spawning, sperm motility, spermatozoa, viability
Crappie, Pomoxis spp., are popular game fish throughout North America and are produced by public and private hatcheries. However, production is limited by a lack of information on tank culture and induced spawning methods. Development of techniques for storage of sperm and in vitro fertilization would increase flexibility in spawning. Therefore, techniques for sperm cryopreservation were examined in white crappie, Pomoxis annularis. Sperm from adult wild white crappie were used to evaluate sperm extender, cryoprotectant agent and concentration, and cooling technique based on post‐thaw sperm motility. Percent egg fertilization was also compared between sperm stored in the two best cryopreservation protocols and two different osmotic activator solutions. Sperm were cryopreserved using treatment combinations of two extenders (350 mOsmol/kg Hanks' balanced salt solution [HBSS] and 350 mOsmol/kg Ca²⁺free HBSS) and two cryoprotectants (dimethyl sulfoxide [DMSO] and methanol) at concentrations of 5, 10, and 15% that were cooled at four different rates: 5, 10, 20, and 40 C/min. Post‐thaw sperm motility and fertilization rates indicated white crappie sperm can be cryopreserved using either extender, cryoprotectants of either 5% DMSO or 10% methanol, and cooling at 40 C/min. A follow‐up experiment demonstrated sperm in suspensions on ice retained viability after overnight transport.