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Quantitative assessment of the effects of outside temperature on farrowing rate in gilts and sows by using a multivariate logistic regression model
- Sasaki, Yosuke, Fujie, Madoka, Nakatake, Shingo, Kawabata, Tadahiro
- Animal science journal = 2018 v.89 no.8 pp. 1187-1193
- climate, commercial farms, farrowing, farrowing rate, gilts, heat, heat stress, humidity, regression analysis, sows, temperature
- It is well known that pigs are sensitive to heat stress, but few studies have assessed the critical temperature that affects farrowing rate. Therefore, the objective of the present study was to assess the effects of outside temperature on farrowing rate by using a multivariate logistic regression model. Data were obtained from 25 commercial farms, including 26,128 service records for gilts and 120,655 service records for sows. Two variables, maximum temperature (MAX) and temperature humidity index (THI), were used as an indicator for climate conditions. In gilts, an interaction between climate conditions and service number was associated with farrowing rate (p < .05). In the first service, farrowing rate decreased as climate conditions increased, whereas no relationship was found in the second service or later. In sows, farrowing rate at first service decreased as MAX increased from 22°C or THI increased from 66 (p < .05), but no apparent reduction under heat conditions was found in the second service or later. Additionally, effect of heat stress on farrowing rate in parities 1–2 was higher than those in parities 3–5 and ≥6 (p < .05). These results can be applied to field conditions as a standard for the critical temperature for farrowing rate.