Main content area

Computational Fluid Dynamics Simulations of the Air–Water Two-Phase Vertically Upward Bubbly Flow in Pipes

Lote, Dhiraj A., Vinod, Vadakanchery, Patwardhan, Ashwin W.
Industrial & engineering chemistry process design and development 2018 v.57 no.31 pp. 10609-10627
energy, liquids, lubrication, models, pipes, prediction, process design, shear stress, turbulent flow
In this study, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation of air–water two-phase flow in vertical pipe has been carried out. Wide ranges of superficial liquid and gas velocities, 0.376–3.53 and 0.0036–1.275 m/s, and dispersed phase holdup range from 0.3 to 38.74% is used in the simulation. In this study, for drag, lift, wall lubrication, and turbulent dispersion force the models of Grace, Tomiyama, Hosokawa, and Burns are used, respectively. The Eulerian–Eulerian multiphase approach with the k–ω shear stress transport (SST) turbulence model was used. Bubble diameter is an essential parameter to perform the Eulerian simulation. In the present study, we developed new correlation for bubble diameter and with this predicted bubble diameter simulations were performed. The developed CFD model is well capable of predicting gas void fraction, interfacial area concentration, pressure drop, gas/liquid velocity, and turbulent kinetic energy.