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Nutritional Adequacy of Dietary Intake in Women with Anorexia Nervosa
- Susan K. Raatz, Lisa Jahns, LuAnn K. Johnson, Ross Crosby, James E. Mitchell, Scott Crow, Carol Peterson, Daniel Le Grange, Stephen A. Wonderlich
- Nutrients 2015 v.7 no.5 pp. 3652-3665
- Dietary Reference Intakes, anorexia nervosa, body mass index, counseling, dietary surveys, energy intake, food consumption, food intake, nutrient intake, nutrients, nutritional adequacy, patients, women, United States
- Understanding nutrient intake of anorexia nervosa (AN) patients is essential for the treatment. Therefore, estimates of total energy and nutrient consumption were made in a group of young women (19 to 30 years) with restricting and binge purge subtypes of AN participating in an ecological momentary assessment study. Participants completed three nonconsecutive 24-hour diet recalls. Mean nutrient intakes were stratified by subtype and by quartiles of energy intake and compared to the age specific Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) levels, as well as to the reported intakes from the What We Eat In America (WWEIA) dietary survey 2011–2012. Reported intake was determined for energy, macronutrients, and micronutrients. The mean body mass index (BMI) for all participants was 17.2 ± 0.1 kg/m2. Reported nutrient intake was insufficient for participants in quartiles 1–3 of both AN subtypes when compared to the DRIs. Intake reported by participants in quartile 4 of both subgroups met requirements for most nutrients and even met or exceeded estimated energy needs. Counseling of AN patients should be directed to total food consumption to improve energy intake and to reduce individual nutritional gaps.