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Cadmium Testicular Toxicity in Male Wistar Rats: Protective Roles of Zinc and Magnesium

Babaknejad, Nasim, Bahrami, Somaye, Moshtaghie, Ali Asghar, Nayeri, Hashem, Rajabi, Parvin, Iranpour, Farhad Golshan
Biological trace element research 2018 v.185 no.1 pp. 106-115
adults, cadmium, histology, histopathology, magnesium, males, malondialdehyde, minerals, protective effect, rats, spermatozoa, testes, toxicity, zinc
Cadmium (Cd) is a highly toxic element, which may cause toxicity to most organs in the body. Zinc (Zn) and magnesium (Mg) are essential minerals with probable benefits on Cd harmful effects. Finding an efficient and non-pathological treatment against Cd toxicity seems promising. Fifty adult rats were divided into ten experimental groups of five rats each. The Cd group was treated with 1 mg Cd/kg and the control group received 0.5 cm³ normal saline. The other eight groups received Zn (0.5 and 1.5 mg/kg) and Mg (0.5 and 1.5 mg/kg) either alone or in combination with 1 mg Cd/kg through IP injection for 3 weeks. Testis malondialdehyde (MDA), sperm parameters, and testis histopathology were investigated. Cd reduced sperm parameters and increased testis MDA. Moreover, Cd exposure caused a significant histological damage in testis of male rats. However, Zn or Mg treatment prevented and reversed Cd toxic alterations in testis. These findings suggest that co-administration of Zn or Mg could improve cadmium testicular toxicity in male Wistar rats.