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In house validation of a high resolution mass spectrometry Orbitrap-based method for multiple allergen detection in a processed model food

Pilolli, Rosa, De Angelis, Elisabetta, Monaci, Linda
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry 2018 v.410 no.22 pp. 5653-5662
allergenicity, allergens, cookies, eggs, food matrix, hazelnuts, ingredients, mass spectrometry, models, monitoring, peanuts, peptides, processed foods, skim milk, soy flour, spectrometers
In recent years, mass spectrometry (MS) has been establishing its role in the development of analytical methods for multiple allergen detection, but most analyses are being carried out on low-resolution mass spectrometers such as triple quadrupole or ion traps. In this investigation, performance provided by a high resolution (HR) hybrid quadrupole-Orbitrap™ MS platform for the multiple allergens detection in processed food matrix is presented. In particular, three different acquisition modes were compared: full-MS, targeted-selected ion monitoring with data-dependent fragmentation (t-SIM/dd2), and parallel reaction monitoring. In order to challenge the HR-MS platform, the sample preparation was kept as simple as possible, limited to a 30-min ultrasound-aided protein extraction followed by clean-up with disposable size exclusion cartridges. Selected peptide markers tracing for five allergenic ingredients namely skim milk, whole egg, soy flour, ground hazelnut, and ground peanut were monitored in home-made cookies chosen as model processed matrix. Timed t-SIM/dd2 was found the best choice as a good compromise between sensitivity and accuracy, accomplishing the detection of 17 peptides originating from the five allergens in the same run. The optimized method was validated in-house through the evaluation of matrix and processing effects, recoveries, and precision. The selected quantitative markers for each allergenic ingredient provided quantification of 60–100 μgᵢₙgᵣₑd/g allergenic ingredient/matrix in incurred cookies.