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The complete chloroplast genome sequence of Actinidia arguta: gene structure and genomic resources

Li, Wenqing, Lu, Yizeng, Xie, Xiaoman, Li, Bin, Han, Yi, Sun, Tao, Liu, Deshen
Conservation genetics resources 2018 v.10 no.3 pp. 423-425
Actinidia arguta, chloroplast genome, genes, genetic variation, genomics, indigenous species, nucleotide sequences, phylogeny, vines, East Asia
Actinidia arguta, known as hardy kiwi or bower vine, is a cold-hardy species native to East-Asia. Wild populations of hardy kiwi are now in danger which need urgent conservation. In this study, we sequenced the complete chloroplast genome of A. arguta and used these data to assess its genomic resources. The chloroplast genome size of A. arguta is 156,809 bp with a typical quadripartite structure consisting of a pair of inverted repeats of 23,918 bp separated by small and large single copy regions of 20,475 and 88,497 bp. There were 113 unique representative genes, and 50 simple sequences repeats were discovered. Phylogenetic analyses based on whole chloroplast genome showed that the position of A. arguta was on the base of Actinidia. Thus, the complete A. arguta chloroplast genome provides interesting insights and valuable genomic resources that can be used to reconstruct its phylogeny, evaluate genetic variations, and develop conservation strategy of this specie.