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Density Gradient Strategy for Preparation of Broken In2O3 Microtubes with Remarkably Selective Detection of Triethylamine Vapor
- Yang, Wei, Feng, Liang, He, Saihuan, Liu, Lingyue, Liu, Shantang
- ACS applied materials & interfaces 2018 v.10 no.32 pp. 27131-27140
- acetone, ammonia, energy, ethanol, hydrogen, isopropyl alcohol, methanol, nanopores, oxides, permeability, toluene, triethylamine, vapors
- Tubule-like structured metal oxides, combined with macroscale pores onto their surfaces, can fast facilitate gas-accessible diffusion into the sensing channels, thus leading a promoted utilization ratio of sensing layers. However, it generally remains a challenge for developing a reliable approach to prepare them. Herein, this contribution describes a density gradient strategy for obtaining broken In₂O₃ microtubes from the In₂O₃ products prepared using a chemical conversion method. These In₂O₃ microtubes hold a diameter about 1.5 μm with many broken regions and massive ultrafine nanopores onto their surfaces. When employed as a sensing element for detection of triethylamine (TEA) vapor, these broken In₂O₃ microtubes exhibited a significant response toward TEA at 1–100 ppm and the lowest detected concentration can reach 0.1 ppm. In addition, an excellent selectivity of the sensor to TEA was also displayed, though upon exposure of other interfering vapors, including ammonia, methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, acetone, toluene, and hydrogen. Such promoted sensing performances toward TEA were ascribed to the broken configuration (superior gas permeability and high utilization ratio), one-dimensional configuration with less agglomerations, and low bond energy for C–N in a TEA molecule.