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Characterization of Functional, Safety, and Probiotic Properties of Enterococcus faecalis AG5 Isolated From Wistar Rat, Demonstrating Adherence to HCT 116 Cells and Gastrointestinal Survivability

Mishra, Alok Kumar, Ghosh, Asit Ranjan
Probiotics and antimicrobial proteins 2018 v.10 no.3 pp. 435-445
Enterococcus faecalis, food pathogens, gastrointestinal system, gastrointestinal transit, genes, industry, intestinal microorganisms, laboratory animals, lactic acid bacteria, polymerase chain reaction, probiotics, rats, ribosomal DNA, scanning electron microscopy, sequence analysis
Gut microbiota remains a prominent source for a diverse range of potential probiotics. In this context, the current study explored the rectal region of experimental Wistar rat for the isolation of potent probiotic. Sixteen lactic acid bacteria (LAB), from rectal swab of Wistar rats, were subjected to evaluation of probiotic properties. Among all, AG5 was found unique with consistent probiotic properties and was further identified as Enterococcus faecalis AG5 (NCBI accession number KT248537) using 16S rDNA sequencing, followed by BLAST analysis. Since the Enterococci strains inhibit various food-borne pathogens efficiently while proving itself as a safe probiotic candidate, the study further evaluated the safety of the strain AG5 using primer specific PCR amplification which revealed the existence of gene encoding gelE, asa1, efaA, ace, vanA, and vanB and negative for cylA, hyl, and esp respectively. SEM analysis confirmed the adherence ability of AG5 to HCT 116 cells. Adherence was found to be non-colonial and scattered manner. Furthermore, the strain demonstrated a significant survivability during simulated gastrointestinal transit. Taken together, the E. faecalis AG5 was found potential probiotic candidate with future implication in both food and health industry.