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The effects of meal size on postprandial metabolic response and post-exercise metabolic recovery process in juvenile black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus)

Li, Xiu-Ming, Fu, Shi-Jian, Li, Xiao-Jin, Zheng, Hua, Peng, Jiang-Lan, Wei, Wei, Pang, Xu, Zhang, Yao-Guang
Marine and freshwater behaviour and physiology 2018 v.51 no.2 pp. 79-91
Mylopharyngodon piceus, biochemical pathways, body weight, digestion, energy, fish, juveniles, metabolism, oxygen consumption, portion size
The effects of meal size on the postprandial metabolic response and of digestion on the post-exercise metabolic recovery process were investigated in juvenile black carp (Mylopharyngodon piceus) . Experimental fish were forcedly fed with compound feed (meal sizes: 0.5%, 1% and 2% body weight). Then, the postprandial oxygen consumption rate and excess post-exercise oxygen consumption (EPOC) of the experimental fish were measured. Both the duration and the peak of oxygen consumption rate (PMR) increased with increasing meal size. The peak post-exercise metabolic rate of digesting fish were significantly higher, whereas EPOC magnitude and its duration were significantly smaller or (shorter) than those in the fasting fish. It is suggested that (1) this fish fulfills the increased energy demand during the digestive process by increasing PMR and by prolonging SDA duration with increasing meal size and (2) digesting fish might decrease their anaerobic exhaustive activity but increase the post-exercise recovery capacity.