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Improving oil quality by altering levels of fatty acids through marker-assisted selection of ahfad2 alleles in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.)

Bera, Sandip K., Kamdar, Jignesh H., Kasundra, Swati V., Dash, Pitabas, Maurya, Anil K., Jasani, Mital D., Chandrashekar, Ajay B., Manivannan, N., Vasanthi, R. P., Dobariya, K. L., Pandey, Manish K., Janila, Pasupuleti, Radhakrishnan, T., Varshney, Rajeev K.
Euphytica 2018 v.214 no.9 pp. 162
Arachis hypogaea, alleles, farmers, foods, industry, introgression, linoleic acid, livelihood, marker-assisted selection, oleic acid, palmitic acid, peanut oil, peanuts, plant breeding, semiarid zones, shelf life, world markets
Peanut plays a key role to the livelihood of millions in the world especially in Arid and Semi-Arid regions. Peanut with high oleic acid content aids to increase shelf-life of peanut oil as well as food products and extends major health benefits to the consumers. In peanut, ahFAD2 gene controls quantity of two major fatty acids viz, oleic and linoleic acids. These two fatty acids together with palmitic acid constitute 90% fat composition in peanut and regulate the quality of peanut oil. Here, two ahfad2 alleles from SunOleic 95R were introgressed into ICGV 05141 using marker-assisted selection. Marker-assisted breeding effectively increased oleic acid and oleic to linoleic acid ratio in recombinant lines up to 44% and 30%, respectively as compared to ICGV 05141. In addition to improved oil quality, the recombinant lines also had superiority in pod yield together with desired pod/seed attributes. Realizing the health benefits and ever increasing demand in domestic and international market, the high oleic peanut recombinant lines will certainly boost the economical benefits to the Indian farmers in addition to ensuring availability of high oleic peanuts to the traders and industry.