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Antimicrobial Magnesium Hydroxide Nanoparticles As an Alternative to Cu Biocide for Crop Protection

Huang, Ziyang, Rajasekaran, Parthiban, Ozcan, Ali, Santra, Swadeshmukul
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.33 pp. 8679-8686
Escherichia coli, betaine, bioavailability, biocides, citrates, coatings, copper, copper nanoparticles, cytotoxicity, electron microscopy, growth retardation, magnesium hydroxide, microbial growth, phytotoxicity, plant protection, risk, soil, tomatoes, water solubility, zeta potential
In agriculture, prolonged use of copper biocides increases the risk of development of Cu resistance and its accumulation in soil, demanding an alternative. In this paper, we report antimicrobial magnesium hydroxide nanoparticles (NPs) as an alternative to Cu biocides with low cytotoxicity. To improved bioavailability, Mg hydroxide NPs were synthesized followed by coating with water-soluble capping agents, trisodium citrate (zeta potential, ξ = −22 mV) or betaine (ξ = +35 mV). Electron microscopy study confirmed the formation of ∼10-nm-sized cubical NPs with citrate and ∼100-nm-sized lamellar NPs with betaine. As-synthesized Mg hydroxide NPs inhibited bacterial growth of X. alfalfae, P. syringae, and E. coli within 4 h. Significant bacterial growth inhibition and killing were observed at 24 h post-treatment. Phytotoxicity studies on tomato plants showed no significant tissue injury. Therefore, Mg hydroxide NPs have the potential to serve as a Cu alternative.