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Effect of citric acid addition on the morphology and activity of Ni2P supported on mesoporous zeolite ZSM-5 for the hydrogenation of 4,6-DMDBT and phenanthrene

Zhang, Lei, Fu, Wenqian, Yu, Quanyong, Tang, Tiandi, Zhao, Yicheng, Li, Yongdan
Journal of catalysis 2017 v.345 pp. 295-307
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, catalysts, citric acid, hydrogenation, moieties, nanoparticles, nickel, phenanthrenes, porous media, reflectance spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopes, viscosity, zeolites
Preparing small, highly dispersed Ni2P particles is important for improving the hydrogenation ability of Ni2P. Here, Ni2P nanoparticles (approximately 4.3nm) on mesoporous zeolite ZSM-5 (Ni2P/MZSM-5-CA) were prepared using citric acid (CA) as an assistant agent. The formation mechanism of small Ni2P particles when CA was added was investigated by combining UV–vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and temperature-programmed reduction with a transmission electron microscope and CO chemisorption. The results indicated that the formed CA–Ni complex with high viscosity favors the Ni precursor dispersed on the dried catalyst. After calcination, the released Ni species strongly interacted with surface acidic hydroxyl groups on MZSM-5, leading to the formation of Ni2P particles with small sizes and good dispersion under a reducing atmosphere. The reaction rate constants and TOFs over Ni2P/MZSM-5-CA (16.2×10⁻²μmolg⁻¹s⁻¹ and 9.7×10⁻⁴s⁻¹) are much higher than over Ni2P/MZSM-5 (8.2×10⁻²μmolg⁻¹s⁻¹ and 8.3×10⁻⁴s⁻¹) in 4,6-dimethyldibenzothiophene hydrodesulfurization. In addition, Ni2P/MZSM-5-CA catalyst shows higher activity than Ni2P catalyst without CA in phenanthrene hydrogenation.