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One-pot synthesis of ultrafine decahedral platinum crystal decorated graphite nanosheets for the electro-oxidation of formic acid

Shen, Yi, Zhou, Yongfang, Gong, Bin, Xiao, Kaijun, Wang, Lei, Xi, Jingyu
Journal of catalysis 2017 v.345 pp. 70-77
ammonium chloride, catalysts, catalytic activity, crystals, durability, formic acid, fuel cells, graphene, nanosheets, oxidation, platinum, synthesis
Synthesis of five-twined platinum decahedra is currently a great challenge. Reported herein is a solution synthesis of ultrafine decahedral platinum crystals (average size 5.9nm) mediated by graphite nanosheets together with poly (dimethyl diallyl ammonium chloride). The graphite nanosheets play a critical role in the formation of Pt decahedra. The obtained Pt decahedral crystals provide a valuable platform for the fundamental study of facet-dependent activity of platinum. The hybrid of Pt decahedral crystal decorated graphite nanosheets shows outstanding activity and durability for the oxidation of formic acid. The hybrid possesses a remarkable current density of 4.3mAcm⁻², which is 2 times that of state-of-the-art Pt/C catalyst. The superior catalytic performance is well correlated with the unique structures of decahedral Pt crystals. The synthesis protocol disclosed in this study would pave a new route to fabricate high-performance electrocatalysts for fuel cells.