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Enhanced Fenton-like catalysis by iron-based metal organic frameworks for degradation of organic pollutants

Gao, Cong, Chen, Shuo, Quan, Xie, Yu, Hongtao, Zhang, Yaobin
Journal of catalysis 2017 v.356 pp. 125-132
active sites, catalysts, catalytic activity, coordination polymers, ferric oxide, hydrogen peroxide, hydroxyl radicals, iron, pH, phenol, pollutants, pollution control, sludge
The Fenton reaction is an efficient technology for degrading refractory organic pollutants in water. Heterogeneous Fenton-like catalysts have been demonstrated to be promising alternatives to homogeneous catalysts because of their reusability and lack of sludge production. These catalysts, however, generally show low activity for generating OH due to their limited exposed active sites and difficulty in the reduction of Fe(III) to Fe(II). Here, enhanced catalytic performance was achieved by using an iron-based metal organic framework (MIL-88B-Fe) as a heterogeneous Fenton-like catalyst over a wide pH range (4–6). The catalytic activity of MIL-88B-Fe was about 1–3 orders of magnitude higher than that of three other conventional catalysts (Fe2O3, α-FeOOH, and Fe3O4) and two other iron-based MOFs (MIL-53-Fe and MIL-101-Fe). The superior activity of MIL-88B-Fe could originate from the abundance of active sites, the flexible structure, and facilitated reduction of Fe(III) to Fe(II). Hydroxyl radicals generated from reaction between MIL-88B-Fe and H2O2 were the main reactive oxidative species for phenol degradation.