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Aryl hydrocarbon receptor enhances the expression of miR-150-5p to suppress in prostate cancer progression by regulating MAP3K12

Yu, Jingsong, Feng, Yue, Wang, Yan, An, Ruihua
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics 2018 v.654 pp. 47-54
cell proliferation, disease course, messenger RNA, microRNA, neoplasm cells, patients, prognosis, prostatic neoplasms, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin
It has been reported that mircoRNAs (miRNAs) can act as tumor inhibitors in multiple malignant tumors. As a tumor suppressor, miR-150-5p has been reported in some cancers. However, the biological impacts of miR-150-5p in prostate cancer is not fully elaborated. This study aims to explore the biological role and mechanism of miR-150-5p in prostate cancer. The expression level of miR-150-5p was examined with Quantitative real time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). Moreover, Kaplan Meier analysis revealed that downregulation of miR-150-5p predicted unfavorable prognosis for patients with prostate cancer. To identify the inhibitory effects of miR-150-5p on the cellular processes of prostate cancer, gain-of function assay was conducted. Next, the inhibitory effects of Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) and 3,3′-Diindolylmethane (DIM) on the proliferation and invasion of prostate cancer cells were demonstrated. Knockdown of Ahr reversed the TCDD/DIM-mediated proliferation and invasion. The expression level of CYP1A1 also was measured to confirm that Ahr was activated by TCDD or DIM in prostate cancer cells. Mechanism experiments revealed that MAP3K12 is a target mRNA of miR-150-5p in prostate cancer cells. In conclusion, Aryl hydrocarbon receptor enhances the expression of miR-150-5p to suppress cell proliferation and invasion in prostate cancer by regulating MAP3K12.