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Regulation of aldose reductase activity by tubulin and phenolic acid derivates

Rivelli, Juan F., Ochoa, Ana L., Santander, Verónica S., Nigra, Ayelen, Previtali, Gabriela, Casale, César H.
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics 2018 v.654 pp. 19-26
aldehyde reductase, aromatic compounds, carboxylic acids, cultured cells, drugs, enzyme activity, glucose, microtubules, tubulin, tyrosine
In this work we demonstrate that aldose reductase (AR) interacts directly with tubulin and, was subjected to microtubule formation conditions, enzymatic AR activity increased more than sixfold. Since AR interacts mainly with tubulin that has 3-nitro-tyrosine in its carboxy-terminal, we evaluated whether tyrosine and other phenolic acid derivatives could prevent the interaction tubulin/AR and the enzymatic activation. The drugs evaluated have two characteristics in common: the presence of an aromatic ring and a carboxylic substituent. The 9 drugs tested were able to prevent both the interaction tubulin/AR and the enzymatic activation. In addition, we found that the induction of microtubule formation by high concentrations of glucose and the consequent activation of AR in cultured cells can be inhibited by phenolic acid derivates that prevent the interaction tubulin/AR. These results suggest that tubulin regulates the activation of AR through a direct interaction which can be controlled with phenolic derivates of carboxylic acids.