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Functionalization of super-aligned carbon nanotube film using hydrogen peroxide solution and its application in copper electrodeposition

Xiong, Lunqiao, Shuai, Jing, Hou, Zecheng, Zhu, Lin, Li, Wenzhen
Journal of colloid and interface science 2017 v.498 pp. 405-412
Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, carbon nanotubes, composite films, composite materials, copper, electrolytes, electron microscopy, hydrogen peroxide, moieties, ohmic heating, oxidation, oxygen
In order to make super-aligned carbon nanotubes (SACNT) homogeneously spread in electrolytes, a swift and effective method was devised for surface functionalization of SACNT film by ohmic heating using hydrogen peroxide solution. Controllable generation of defects and notable graft of oxygen functional groups on the sidewall of SACNTs were induced as proven by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Raman spectroscopy. Differently from the harsh wet chemical oxidation, the super-aligned morphology and structural integrity of carbon nanotubes in the SACNT film were found to be well preserved by electron microscopy analysis. The functionalized treatment can remove extraneous material contaminating SACNT film and improve its conductivity. The grafting of polar ionizable groups has been proved to effectively eliminate the agglomeration of SACNTs. When the oxidized SACNT film was used as host material for electrodeposition of copper, the composite film of well-bonded SACNTs and Cu was successfully prepared.