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Construction of novel WO3/SnNb2O6 hybrid nanosheet heterojunctions as efficient Z-scheme photocatalysts for pollutant degradation

Ma, Xiaodong, Ma, Wanxia, Jiang, Deli, Li, Di, Meng, Suci, Chen, Min
Journal of colloid and interface science 2017 v.506 pp. 93-101
irradiation, nanosheets, photocatalysis, photocatalysts, photolysis, pollutants, rhodamines, transmission electron microscopy, tungsten oxide
The artificially Z-scheme heterojunctions between WO3 nanosheet and SnNb2O6 nanosheet with strongly coupled heterointerfaces were successfully constructed via a simple hydrothermal coassembly method. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and high-resolution TEM proved that an intimate contact interface was formed. The synthesized heterojunctions exhibites enhanced photodegradation efficiency for Rhodamine B under irradiation of visible light, and the highest reaction rate over 30%-WO3/SnNb2O6 nanosheet heterojunctions is about 4.7-fold and 2-fold higher than that of pristine WO3 and SnNb2O6, respectively. Such a considerable improvement could be mainly attributed to the rapid migration of the photo-induced e⁻/h⁺ pairs through the nanosheets-coupled heterojunction interfaces. A possible directly Z-scheme charge transfer mechanism was proposed for the elimination of organic contaminants under irradiation of visible light. This work may furnish new insights into development of novel 2D/2D nanosheet heterojunctions with the enhanced photocatalytic activity.