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Zero-valent iron nanoparticles embedded into reduced graphene oxide-alginate beads for efficient chromium (VI) removal
- Lv, Xiaoshu, Zhang, Yuling, Fu, Wenyang, Cao, Jiazhen, Zhang, Jiao, Ma, Hanbo, Jiang, Guangming
- Journal of colloid and interface science 2017 v.506 pp. 633-643
- adsorption, alginates, chromium, dispersibility, graphene, graphene oxide, ionic strength, iron, models, nanoparticles, oxidation, pH, pollutants, sorption isotherms, strength (mechanics), surface water, synergism, temperature
- Zero-valent iron nanoparticles (Fe⁰ NPs) technologies are often challenged by poor dispersibility, chemical instability to oxidation, and mobility during processing, storage and use. This work reports a facile approach to synthesize Fe⁰ NPs embedded reduced graphene oxide-alginate beads (Fe@GA beads) via the immobilization of pre-synthesized Fe⁰ NPs into graphene oxide modified alginate gel followed by a modelling and in-situ reduction process. The structure/composition characterization of the beads finds that the graphene sheets and the Fe⁰ NPs (a shape of ellipsoid and a size of <100nm) are uniformly dispersed within the alginate beads. We demonstrate that these Fe@GA beads show a robust performance in aqueous Cr(VI) removal. With a optimized Fe and alginate content, Fe@GA bead can achieve a high Cr(VI) removal efficiency and an excellent mechanical strength. The initial Cr(VI) concentration, ionic strength, temperature and especially solution pH are all critical factors to control the Fe@GA beads performance in Cr(VI) removal. Fitness of the pseudo second-order adsorption model with data suggests adsorption is the rate-controlling step, and both Langmuir and Freundlich adsorption isotherm are suitable to describe the removal behavior. The possible Cr(VI) removal path by Fe@GA beads is put forward, and the synergistic effect in this ternary system implies the potentials of Fe@GA beads in pollutant removal from water body.