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A low cost additive-free facile synthesis of BiFeWO6/BiVO4 nanocomposite with enhanced visible-light induced photocatalytic activity

Malathi, A., Vasanthakumar, V., Arunachalam, Prabhakarn, Madhavan, J., Ghanem, Mohamed A.
Journal of colloid and interface science 2017 v.506 pp. 553-563
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, bismuth, catalysts, ecosystems, electrochemistry, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, lighting, methylene blue, nanocomposites, photocatalysis, photoluminescence, photolysis, physicochemical properties, reflectance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy
In this study, visible light driven BiFeWO6/BiVO4 nanocomposite was synthesized via simple additive-free wet-chemical process. Various physicochemical characterization methods such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), fourier transform infrared (FT-IR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electrons microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) spectra, UV visible diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (DRS), photoluminescence (PL) and photoelectrochemical measurements were performed to examine the structure, surface morphology, electrochemical and optical behavior of the synthesized material. The photocatalytic performances of the as-synthesized materials were assessed by the photodegradation of methylene blue (MB) in visible-light illumination. The optimum BiFeWO6/BiVO4-2 nanocomposite has shown 95% degradation efficiency of (MB) after 90min. This is about 10-folds higher than that of pristine bismuth vanadate (BiVO4). This enhancement of photocatalytic performances is credited to the photogenerated electrons transfer from BiVO4 to BiFeWO6 catalyst surface and thereby reduced the recombination process. The higher photocatalytic activity, long-term stability and recyclability results have revealed that the BiFeWO6/BiVO4 nanocomposite could be an auspicious material for the elimination of organic contaminants present in the ecosystem. Moreover, a probable mechanism for the catalytic degradation of MB dye over BiFeWO6/BiVO4 system is also proposed based on experimental results.