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Mustard Seed Meal for Management of Root-knot Nematode and Weeds in Tomato Production

Author:
Meyer, Susan L. F., Zasada, Inga A., Rupprecht, Shannon M., VanGessel, Mark J., Hooks, Cerruti R. R., Morra, Matthew J., Everts, Kathryne L.
Source:
HortTechnology 2015 v.25 no.2 pp. 192-202
ISSN:
1063-0198
Subject:
Brassica juncea, Meloidogyne incognita, Sinapis alba, Solanum lycopersicum var. lycopersicum, biomass, boron, crop yield, eggs, fertilizer application, fertilizers, greenhouse experimentation, mustard oil cake, nematode control, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, root-knot nematodes, roots, soil amendments, sulfur, tomatoes, weed control, weeds
Abstract:
Mustard seed meals of indian mustard [InM (Brassica juncea)] and yellow mustard [YeM (Sinapis alba)], alone and combined, were tested for effects on tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants and for suppression of southern root-knot nematode [RKN (Meloidogyne incognita)] and weed populations. In the greenhouse, with all seed meal treatments applied at 0.25% total w/w soil, low tomato plant stands (up to 60% dying/dead) resulted from amendment with 3 YeM:1 InM, 1 YeM:1 InM, and YeM, applied right before transplant. Compared with untreated controls, low numbers of RKN eggs per gram root were consistently recorded from amendment with 3 YeM:1 InM. In a 2012 field study, incorporation of 1 YeM:1 InM (1700 lb/acre) resulted in lower tomato root biomass than fertilizer application (504 lb/acre), YeM or InM (each 1700 lb/acre). All treatments were applied with added fertilizer to achieve 100–102 lb/acre nitrogen, 7.4 lb/acre phosphorus, 74.7 lb/acre potassium, 6.0 lb/acre sulfur, and 1.0 lb/acre boron. The lowest numbers of RKN eggs per gram root (harvest 2012) were collected from plots amended with InM (1700 lb/acre), YeM (850 lb/acre), and 3 YeM:1 InM (1700 lb/acre), but the numbers were not significantly different from fertilizer only (504 lb/acre) controls. Highest and lowest tomato yields (numbers of fruit) in 2012 were recorded from YeM (850 lb/acre) and 3 YeM:1 InM (1700 lb/acre) amendments, respectively. In 2013, there were no significant differences among treatments in eggs per gram root or in tomato yields. No mustard seed meal treatment affected weed populations. At the tested rates, YeM seed meal showed potential for use in tomato beds but results were inconsistent between years.
Agid:
60944
Handle:
10113/60944