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Fabrication of cobalt ferrite/cobalt sulfide hybrid nanotubes with enhanced peroxidase-like activity for colorimetric detection of dopamine

Yang, Zezhou, Zhu, Yun, Chi, Maoqiang, Wang, Ce, Wei, Yen, Lu, Xiaofeng
Journal of colloid and interface science 2018 v.511 pp. 383-391
annealing, biocatalysts, biosensors, catalytic activity, cobalt, cobalt sulfide, color, colorimetry, diagnostic techniques, dopamine, ferrimagnetic materials, hydrogen peroxide, nanoparticles, nanotubes, nervous system, oxidation, peroxidase, synergism
The development of highly sensitive and low-cost biosensors for the detection of dopamine is of paramount importance for medical diagnostics. Herein, we report the preparation of a new peroxidase-like catalyst with a uniform heterostructure by using a technique involving electrospinning, annealing and solvothermal reaction. In this catalyst system, cobalt sulfide (CoS) nanoparticles were homogenously distributed and supported on the surface of cobalt ferrite (CoFe2O4) nanotubes. The as-prepared CoFe2O4/CoS hybrid nanotubes showed remarkably high catalytic efficiency as peroxidase mimics toward the oxidation of 3,3,5,5-tetramethylbenzidine (TMB) in the presence of H2O2. Owing to the synergistic effect between the CoFe2O4 and CoS component, the prepared CoFe2O4/CoS hybrid nanotubes exhibited enhanced peroxidase-like activity, exceeding that of either the CoS nanoparticles or CoFe2O4 nanotubes alone. Dopamine has been widely investigated due to its unique function in the nervous system. Consequently, various approaches have been developed for the sensitive determination of dopamine. In this work, a simple and sensitive colorimetric route for the detection of dopamine was established based on the ability of dopamine to induce the reduction of oxidized TMB to TMB with consequent fading of the blue color. This method shows a wide linear range (0–50μM) and a low detection limit of 0.58μM. The unique heterostructure with spinel/sulfide interfaces represents a new concept for the construction of highly efficient and multifunctional biocatalysts.