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DOM from mariculture ponds exhibits higher reactivity on photodegradation of sulfonamide antibiotics than from offshore seawaters

Wang, Jieqiong, Chen, Jingwen, Qiao, Xianliang, Wang, Yan, Cai, Xiyun, Zhou, Chengzhi, Zhang, Yaoling, Ding, Guanghui
Water research 2018 v.144 pp. 365-372
absorption, antibiotics, coastal water, freshwater lakes, irradiation, mariculture, photobleaching, photolysis, pollutants, ponds, rivers, seawater, solar radiation, surface water
Mariculture activities and river inputs lead to coastal seawaters with DOM levels that are comparable to or even higher than those in terrestrial water bodies. However, effects of seawater DOM, and especially of DOM occurring in areas impacted by mariculture, on photodegradation of organic micropollutants, are largely unknown. In this study, simulated sunlight irradiation experiments were performed to probe the effects of DOM extracted from mariculture impacted seawaters and from offshore areas, on photodegradation of three sulfonamide antibiotics (SAs). Results show that the SAs are transformed mainly by indirect photodegradation induced by triplet excited DOM (³DOM*). Compared with DOM from the more pristine coastal waters, the DOM from mariculture impacted areas undergoes less photobleaching, contains higher percentage of humic-like materials and higher proportions of aromatic and carbonyl structures. Thus, the DOM from mariculture areas exhibits higher rates of light absorption, higher formation quantum yields of ³DOM*, higher ³DOM* steady-state concentrations and higher reactivity on photodegradation of the SAs. Photochemistry of the seawater DOM is different from that reported for freshwater lake DOM. This study highlights the importance of probing the effects of DOM from coastal seawaters on photodegradation of organic micropollutants since coastal seawaters are sinks of many aquatic pollutants.