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Effects of the insecticide chlorpyrifos, on hatching, mortality and morphology of Duttaphrynus melanostictus embryos

Author:
Kharkongor, Mattilang, Hooroo, Rupa Nylla K., Dey, Sudip
Source:
Chemosphere 2018 v.210 pp. 917-921
ISSN:
0045-6535
Subject:
body size, chlorpyrifos, embryo (animal), hatching, lethal concentration 50, mortality, nontarget organisms, tail
Abstract:
In an attempt to assess the effects of chlorpyrifos [O,O-diethyl O-(3,5,6-trichloropyridin-2-yl) phosphorothioate], the second largest selling insecticide in India, studies were made with reference to some non-target organisms. The present study was undertaken to evaluate the effects in the embryos of Duttaphrynus melanostictus caused by the commercial formulations of chlorpyrifos (Tricel, chlorpyrifos, 20% EC). The LC50 value for Duttaphrynus melanostictus embryos after 48 h (h) of treatment with chlorpyrifos was found to be 57.525 ppm. The mortality of the embryo was significantly affected by different concentrations of chlorpyrifos when compared with the control groups. An increase in concentration of chlorpyrifos resulted in the simultaneous decrease of the hatching percentage and an increase in the morphological abnormalities such as compression of the embryo, reduced body size and curling of tail.
Agid:
6098149