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Comprehensive optimization of precursor-directed production of BC194 by Streptomyces rochei MB037 derived from the marine sponge Dysidea arenaria

Li, Yingxin, Zhang, Fengli, Banakar, Shivakumar, Li, Zhiyong
Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2018 v.102 no.18 pp. 7865-7875
Porifera, Streptomyces rochei, adsorbents, angiogenesis, biosynthesis, carboxylic acids, countercurrent chromatography, culture media, cytotoxicity, ferricyanides, genetic engineering, porous media
BC194, a derivative of borrelidin (BN) that features a lower cytotoxicity than that of BN due to an altered starter unit, trans-1,2-cyclobutanedicarboxylic acid (trans-1,2-CBDA), is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis. However, BC194 production has only been reported to occur via mutasynthesis, which requires tedious, multistep genetic manipulation. In this study, we surveyed several factors contributing to the precursor-directed biosynthesis of BC194 and provided an alternative method for the production of BC194 that is directly applicable to other BN-producing strains. First, the precursor-directed biosynthesis of BC194 by a BN-producing strain, Streptomyces rochei MB037 derived from sponge Dysidea arenaria, was carried out in modified Radix astragali (RA) medium with 5 mM trans-1,2-CBDA. Next, possible inhibitors of BN starter unit trans-1,2-cyclopentanedicarboxylic acid (trans-1,2-CPDA) biosynthesis were investigated. It was found that potassium ferricyanide was a possible inhibitor of 3,4-dihydroxyphenylacetate 2,3-dioxygenase (DHPAO) and capable of suppressing the yield of BN and increasing the BC194 yield by 112.5% (from 5.2 ± 0.76 to 11.9 ± 0.59 mg/L). BC194 yield was further enhanced in the presence of 50 mM trans-1,2-CBDA, reaching 20.2 ± 0.62 mg/L. Furthermore, 3% macroporous adsorbent DA-201 resin was added to the fermentation broth, enabling a further 36.6% increase in BC194 production and reaching 27.59 ± 1.15 mg/L. Moreover, an efficient separation of BC194 with approximately 95% purity was developed by employing high-speed counter-current chromatography (HSCCC), achieving an improved recovery (approximately 93%).