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Response of soil physicochemical properties and enzyme activities to long-term reclamation of coastal saline soil, Eastern China

Author:
Xie, Xuefeng, Pu, Lijie, Wang, Qiqi, Zhu, Ming, Xu, Yan, Zhang, Meng
Source:
The Science of the total environment 2017 v.607-608 pp. 1419-1427
ISSN:
0048-9697
Subject:
acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, amylases, aquaculture, coastal soils, electrical conductivity, enzyme activity, faba beans, land use, nitrogen content, pH, phosphorus, ponds, rapeseed, saline soils, soil chemical properties, soil density, soil enzymes, soil nutrients, soil organic carbon, soil quality, soil sampling, soil water, soil water content, urease, wheat, China
Abstract:
Soil enzyme activity during different years of reclamation and land use patterns could indicate changes in soil quality. The objective of this research is to explore the dynamics of 5 soil enzyme activities (dehydrogenase, amylase, urease, acid phosphatase and alkaline phosphatase) involved in C, N, and P cycling and their responses to changes in soil physicochemical properties resulting from long-term reclamation of coastal saline soil. Soil samples from a total of 55 sites were collected from a coastal reclamation area with different years of reclamation (0, 7, 32, 40, 63a) in this study. The results showed that both long-term reclamation and land use patterns have significant effects on soil physicochemical properties and enzyme activities. Compared with the bare flat, soil water content, soil bulk density, pH and electrical conductivity showed a decreasing trend after reclamation, whereas soil organic carbon, total nitrogen and total phosphorus tended to increase. Dehydrogenase, amylase and acid phosphatase activities initially increased and then decreased with increasing years of reclamation, whereas urease and alkaline phosphatase activities were characterized by an increase-decrease-increase trend. Moreover, urease, acid phosphatase and alkaline phosphatase activities exhibited significant differences between coastal saline soil with 63years of reclamation and bare flat, whereas dehydrogenase and amylase activities remained unchanged. Aquaculture ponds showed higher soil water content, pH and EC but lower soil organic carbon, total nitrogen and total phosphorus than rapeseed, broad bean and wheat fields. Rapeseed, broad bean and wheat fields displayed higher urease and alkaline phosphatase activities and lower dehydrogenase, amylase and acid phosphatase activities compared with aquaculture ponds. Redundancy analysis revealed that the soil physicochemical properties explained 74.5% of the variation in soil enzyme activities and that an obvious relationship existed between soil nutrients and soil enzyme activities. These results will assist governmental evaluation of the quality of reclaimed coastal soil.
Agid:
6098573