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Online EM for functional data
- Maire, Florian, Moulines, Eric, Lefebvre, Sidonie
- Computational statistics & data analysis 2017 v.111 pp. 27-47
- Bayesian theory, algorithms, deformation, models
- A novel approach to perform unsupervised sequential learning for functional data is proposed. The goal is to extract reference shapes (referred to as templates) from noisy, deformed and censored realizations of curves and images. The proposed model generalizes the Bayesian dense deformable template model, a hierarchical model in which the template is the function to be estimated and the deformation is a nuisance, assumed to be random with a known prior distribution. The templates are estimated using a Monte Carlo version of the online Expectation–Maximization (EM) algorithm. The designed sequential inference framework is significantly more computationally efficient than equivalent batch learning algorithms, especially when the missing data is high-dimensional. Some numerical illustrations on curve registration problem and templates extraction from images are provided to support the methodology.