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Characterization of α-D-glucan produced by a probiont Enterococcus hirae KX577639 from feces of south Indian Irula tribals

Jayamanohar, Jabastin, Devi, Palanisamy Bruntha, Kavitake, Digambar, Rajendran, Suresh, Priyadarisini, Venkatesan Brindha, Shetty, Prathapkumar Halady
International journal of biological macromolecules 2018
Enterococcus hirae, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction, digestive enzymes, exopolysaccharides, feces, functional foods, gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, glucose, granules, humans, intestinal microorganisms, melting point, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, polymers, probiotics, scanning electron microscopy, starch, sucrose, temperature, thermal properties, water holding capacity, water solubility
Exopolysaccharide (EPS) producing probiotic strain Enterococcus hirae KX577639 were isolated from the feces of South Indian Irula tribes. EPS yield was 18.57 g/L (dry weight) at 48 h in 2% sucrose supplemented MRS medium. TLC and GC–MS analysis confirmed the presence of predominant glucose monomer indicating the homopolysaccharide nature of EPS. FTIR and NMR studies revealed that the EPS were branched α-D-glucan polymer with α-(1 → 6) and α-(1 → 3) linkages. SEM analysis of glucan-EPS revealed porous and starch like cracked granules of aggregation. AFM studies proved spherical lumps and dense, grainy like network. The thermal behavior of glucan-EPS showed degradation temperature of 315.98 °C and melting point of 296.67 °C. The XRD analysis confirmed the amorphous nature of EPS with a crystalline index of 0.48. The water solubility index and water holding capacity of glucan-EPS showed 46.5% and 202.04%. These distinctive features of the glucan EPS could find its potential application in functional food products as the α-(1 → 3) linkage are resistant to human digestive enzymes and can serve as a nutrient to gut bacteria. This the first study reporting the EPS production by Enterococcus hirae.