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Direct conversion of simulated propene-rich bio-syngas to liquid iso-hydrocarbons via FT-oligomerization integrated catalytic process
- Zhang, Qian, Wang, Tiejun, Weng, Yujing, Zhang, Huiyan, Vitidsant, Tharapong, Li, Yuping, Zhang, Qi, Xiao, Rui, Wang, Chenguang, Ma, Longlong
- Energy conversion and management 2018 v.171 pp. 211-221
- active sites, biofuels, carbon monoxide, catalysts, catalytic activity, catalytic cracking, gasoline, hydrocarbons, hydrogen, hydrogenation, isomerization, liquids, oligomerization, polymerization, zeolites
- The bio-syngas formed from the catalytic cracking of bio-oil include two types of useful components which are light olefin and H2, CO. The integration of FTS and olefinic polymerization seems potential way for the production of hydrocarbon bio-fuels while fully utilizing the olefin-rich bio-syngas. This work aimed to develop an integrated process for the production of liquid hydrocarbons directly from the olefin-rich bio-syngas through a one-stage process, which included the synthesis of liquid hydrocarbons via the oligomerization of light olefin over HZSM-5 along with the FT (Fischer-Tropsch) synthesis of H2, CO over FeMn catalyst. A series of integration configuration composed of Fe-based catalyst (FeMn) and acidic zeolite (HZSM-5) were investigated, it was found that the undesired hydrogenation of lower olefin on the nearby metal active site seems greatly affected the yield of C5+ . More significantly, the proximity of the two active components plays a crucial role in suppressing the undesired hydrogenation reaction and contributing to the high selectivity of liquid hydrocarbons. The optimal catalytic performance yields a high selectivity to gasoline-range hydrocarbons (87.3%) with excellent low olefin hydrogenation selectivity (7.4%). Meanwhile, the obtained gasoline-range hydrocarbon showed high degree of isomerization. The integrated transformation process potentially provides an alternative way for the production of gasoline range isomerized hydrocarbon fuels using olefin-rich bio-syngas.