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Impact of water deficit on physiological parameters, bioactive content and antioxidant activity of three olive cultivars

Edziri, H., Jaziri, R., Aissaoui, F., Verschaeve, L., Flamini, G., Chehab, H., Laameri, S., Chihaoui, B., Mahjoub, Z., Sfina, H., Abdrrahman, A., Mastouri, M., Boujnah, D.
South African journal of botany 2018 v.118 pp. 268-273
Olea europaea, antioxidant activity, chlorophyll, cultivars, drought tolerance, flavonoids, leaves, olives, phenols, photosynthesis, semiarid zones, trichomes
We studied changes in morphology, sclerophylly, chlorophyll photosynthetic parameters and total phenol contents in leaves of three olive (Olea europaea L.) cultivars; Oueslati, Jarboui and Meski which grew under water deficit conditions. Our results showed significant differences in trichome and stomatal densities, area of the leaf and relative surface of stomatal pores. The photosynthetic parameters Fv/Fm, ΦPSII and ETR were negatively affected by the water deficit in these three varieties. The total phenolic and flavonoid contents increased in all cultivars, with Oueslati showing the highest values. The Oueslati variety could be considered as the most drought-tolerant compared to Jarboui and Meski. Therefore we believe this cultivar is the most suitable for cultivation in semi-arid environments.