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Immunogenicity and safety of 11- and 12-valent pneumococcal non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae protein D-conjugate vaccines (11vPHiD-CV, 12vPHiD-CV) in infants: Results from a phase II, randomised, multicentre study
- Carmona Martinez, Alfonso, Prymula, Roman, Miranda Valdivieso, Mariano, Otero Reigada, Maria del Carmen, Merino Arribas, Jose Manuel, Brzostek, Jerzy, Szenborn, Leszek, Ruzkova, Renata, Horn, Michael R., Jackowska, Teresa, Centeno-Malfaz, Fernando, Traskine, Magali, Dobbelaere, Kurt, Borys, Dorota
- Vaccine 2019 v.37 no.1 pp. 176-186
- Haemophilus influenzae, antibodies, children, geometry, immune response, immunogenicity, infants, polysaccharides, secondary immunization, serotypes, vaccination, vaccines
- We assessed 2 investigational 11- and 12-valent vaccines, containing capsular polysaccharides of 10 serotypes as in the pneumococcal non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae protein D-conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV) and CRM197-conjugated capsular polysaccharides of serotypes 19A (11-valent) or 19A and 6A (12-valent).In this phase II, partially-blind, multicentre study (NCT01204658), healthy infants were randomised (1:1:1:1) to receive 11vPHiD-CV, 12vPHiD-CV, PHiD-CV, or 13-valent CRM197-conjugate pneumococcal vaccine (PCV13), at 2, 3, and 4 (primary series), and 12–15 months of age (booster dose), co-administered with DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib. Confirmatory objectives assessed non-inferiority of investigational vaccines to comparators (PHiD-CV for common serotypes; PCV13 for 19A and 6A), in terms of percentage of infants with pneumococcal antibody concentrations ≥0.2 μg/mL and antibody geometric mean concentrations, post-primary vaccination. Reactogenicity and safety were assessed.951 children received ≥1 primary dose, 919 a booster dose. Pre-defined immunological non-inferiority criteria were met simultaneously for 9/11 11vPHiD-CV serotypes (all except 23F and 19A) and 10/12 12vPHiD-CV serotypes (all except 19A and 6A); thus, non-inferiority objectives were reached. For each PHiD-CV serotype, percentages of children with antibody concentrations ≥0.2 µg/mL were ≥96.7% post-primary (except 6B [≥75.2%] and 23F [≥81.1%]), and ≥98.1% post-booster vaccination. For each PHiD-CV serotype except serotype 1, ≥81.0% and ≥93.9% of children had opsonophagocytic activity titres ≥8, post-primary and booster vaccination. AEs incidence was similar across all groups. SAEs were reported for 117 children (29 in the 11vPHiD-CV group, 26 in the 12vPHiD-CV group, 38 in the PHiD-CV group and 24 in the PCV13 group); 4 SAEs were considered vaccination-related. No fatal events were recorded.Addition of 19A and 6A CRM197-conjugates did not alter immunogenicity of the PHiD-CV conjugates; for both investigational vaccines post-booster immune responses to 10 common serotypes appeared similar to those elicited by PHiD-CV. Safety and reactogenicity profiles of the investigational vaccines were comparable to PHiD-CV.Clinical trial registry: NCT01204658.