Main content area

Isolation, expression, and functional analysis of developmentally regulated plasma membrane polypeptide 1 (DREPP1) in Sporobolus virginicus grown under alkali salt stress

Theerawitaya, Cattarin, Yamada-Kato, Nana, Singh, Harminder Pal, Cha-um, Suriyan, Takabe, Teruhiro
Protoplasma 2018 v.255 no.5 pp. 1423-1432
Arabidopsis thaliana, C4 plants, Escherichia coli, Panicum, Setaria italica, Sporobolus virginicus, amino acids, calcium, calmodulin, gene expression, gene expression regulation, genes, grasses, halophytes, leaves, messenger RNA, microtubules, myristoylation, plasma membrane, polymerization, polypeptides, rice, salt stress, stress response, tissues
The plant specific DREPP proteins have been shown to bind Ca²⁺ and regulate the N-myristoylation signaling and microtubule polymerization in Arabidopsis thaliana. The information about DREPP proteins in other plants is, however, scarce. In the present study, we isolated the DREPP gene from a halophytic grass, Sporobolus virginicus, and tested whether the gene was involved in alkaline salt stress responses. The SvDREPP1 was cloned from S. virginicus by RACE methods. The isolated gene showed high homology to DREPP homologs from C₄ grasses, Setaria italica, and Panicum hallii as well as rice (OsDREPP1). The encoded protein contained 202 amino acid residues. It was expressed in E. coli, and its biochemical properties were studied. It was observed that SvDREPP1 was not only Ca²⁺-binding protein, but also bind to calmodulin and microtubules. The SvDREPP1 mRNA expression in plants grown under alkaline salt stress was upregulated by 3.5 times over the control in leaf tissues after 48-h treatment, whereas it was increased for 6.0 times in the root tissues at 36 h. The data suggests the importance of SvDREPP1 in regulating alkali salt stress responses in the leaf tissues.