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Identification of hotspots using different statistical methods in a region of manufacturing plants

Arslan, Niyazi
Environmental monitoring and assessment 2018 v.190 no.9 pp. 550
energy, factories, heat transfer, independent component analysis, remote sensing, satellites, surface temperature, thermal radiation, volcanoes, Turkey (country)
Incident electromagnetic radiation hitting the Earth’s surface shows three phenomena as absorptivity, reflectivity and transmissivity where sum of the three is equal to one. The transmissivity is zero when the surface is opaque. There is a strong relationship between absorptivity and emissivity that is explained by Kirchhoff’s Law. Emissivity is managed by the thermal radiation on the Earth’s surface. Thermal radiation related with the heat transfer of the electromagnetic radiation is controlled by passing energy of atoms and molecules. There are different sources of energy other than the Sun such as geothermal activities, volcanoes and manufacturing plants that contributes to the emissivity of the surface. The thermal radiation produced by manufacturing plants contributes to the Earth’s surface temperature as well.In this study, land surface temperatures were estimated by using inverse Planck function from five Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer remote-sensing satellite sensor thermal infrared bands. It is aimed to highlight hotspots related to manufacturing plants in the region of Kocaeli, Turkey. The hotspots are examined statistically with the minimum noise fraction, the independent component analysis, the local Moran’s I index and the Getis-Ord Gᵢ index methods by using land surface temperatures.