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Use of Oxidative Stress Indices of Freshwater Bivalve Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas) as Biomarkers of Anthropogenic Pollution of Rybinsk Reservoir

Klimova, Y. S., Ivanova, E. S.
Inland water biology 2018 v.11 no.3 pp. 374-376
Dreissena polymorpha, biomarkers, catalase, enzyme activity, glutathione, glutathione transferase, glutathione-disulfide reductase, malondialdehyde, moieties, mussels, oxidation, oxidative stress, pollution, proteins
This article analyzes the indices of oxidative stress activity in freshwater bivalve Dreissena polymorpha (Pallas) from areas of the Rybinsk Reservoir with different levels of anthropogenic load. The following indices are studied: activity of catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GST), glutathione S-transferase (GST) and content of reduced glutathione (GSH), malondialdehyde (MDA), and carbonyl groups of oxidized proteins (CG). During the study period (July), the indices of oxidative stress of zebra mussel D. Polymorpha did not differ between sexes. Mussels that were collected in the most polluted part of the reservoir, the Sheksna stretch near the industrial complex of the city of Cherepovets, had a higher activity of catalase, glutathione S-transferase, and glutathione reductase and a higher content of malondialdehyde than zebra mussels taken from the relatively clean Volga stretch.