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Impact of pyrolysis conditions on polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) formation in particulate matter (PM) during sewage sludge pyrolysis

Ko, Jae Hac, Wang, Jingchen, Xu, Qiyong
Chemosphere 2018 v.208 pp. 108-116
air, benzo(a)pyrene, human health, naphthalene, particulates, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, pyrolysis, risk, sewage sludge, temperature
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) not only present a risk to human health when released into the air, but also can be precursors to form particulate matter (PM) during sewage sludge pyrolysis. In this study, 16 EPA PAHs in PM (ΣPAHPM) during sewage sludge pyrolysis were investigated with increasing temperature (200oC–1000 °C) and holding time under different operation conditions [inert gas flow rate (IGFR) (200–800 mL/min) and heating rate (5–20 °C/min)]. ΣPAHPM varied with temperature, IGFR, and heating rate, and ranged from 597 (±41) μg/g to 3240 (±868) μg/g. ΣPAHPM decreased with increasing IGFR but increased with rapid heating rate. Among PAHs species in PM, naphthalene (Nap) was commonly detected at low temperature ranges in all tested conditions. Chrysene (CHR), benzo[b]fluoranthene (BbF), benzo[k]fluoranthene (BkF), benzo[a]pyrene (BaP), indeno[1,2,3-cd] pyrene (IND), and benzo[g,h,i]perylene (BghiP) in PM became abundant at high temperature with a low IGFR. At high temperature ranges with high volatile conditions (rapid heating rate and low IGFR), PAH formation and growth reactions were considerable, resulting in the formation of heavy PAHs in PM.