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Delineation of metals and radionuclides bioconcentration in eggs of seabream Sparus aurata and effect of environmental pCO2

Lacoue-Labarthe, Thomas, Oberhänsli, François, Teyssié, Jean-Louis, Martin, Sophie
Journal of environmental radioactivity 2018 v.192 pp. 426-433
Sparus aurata, bioaccumulation, cadmium, carbon dioxide, carbon dioxide enrichment, chemistry, cobalt, eggs, equations, fish, hatching, larvae, pollution, radioactivity, radionuclides, seawater, silver, toxicity, zinc
Considered as the most vulnerable ontogenic stages to environmental stressors, the early-life stages of fish paid a peculiar attention with respect to their vulnerability to metal and radionuclides contamination. Concomitantly, the increasing anthropogenic CO2 release in the atmosphere will cause major change of the seawater chemistry that could affect the trace elements and radionuclides bioconcentration efficiencies by marine organisms. The aim of this work was to 1) delineate the uptake behaviours of Ag, Am, Cd, Co and Zn in seabream eggs during 65 h of development and retention by newly hatched and 7 h-old larvae maintained in clean seawater, respectively, and 2) investigate the effects of elevated pCO2 on the bioconcentration efficiencies of these elements in eggs. Besides differing in terms of maximal concentration factors values, the uptake kinetics showed element-specific patterns with Am being linearly bioconcentrated and Co and Zn showing a saturation state equilibrium. The ¹¹⁰ᵐAg and ¹⁰⁹Cd uptake kinetics shared a two-phases pattern being best described by a saturation equation during the first 24 h of development, and then an exponential loss of accumulated elements although the radiotracer concentrations in the surrounding water remained constant. At hatching time, the radioactivity of ¹¹⁰ᵐAg was the highest among radiotracers detected in the larvae. After 7 h in depuration conditions, 60% of this metal was still detected whereas ²⁴¹Am, ⁶⁰Co and ⁶⁵Zn were almost totally lost, suggesting an efficient incorporation of Ag in the embryo during the egg development. Finally, this study brought first qualitative data on the effect of pCO2/pH on metal bioconcentration in eggs, raising the need to unravel chemical and biological processes to predict a potential shift of the toxicity of environmental contamination of fish early life stages with future ocean change.