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Gridded emission inventory of short-chain chlorinated paraffins and its validation in China

Jiang, Wanyanhan, Huang, Tao, Mao, Xiaoxuan, Wang, Li, Zhao, Yuan, Jia, Chenhui, Wang, Yanan, Gao, Hong, Ma, Jianmin
Environmental pollution 2017 v.220 pp. 132-141
alkanes, cutting, emissions, flame retardants, imports, inventories, latitude, longitude, models, monitoring, plasticizers, pollution, risk assessment, soil, China
China produces approximately 20%–30% of the total global chlorinated paraffins (CPs). The establishment of a short-chain CP (SCCP) emission inventory is a significant step toward risk assessment and regulation of SCCPs in China and throughout the globe. This study developed a gridded SCCPs emission inventory with a 1/4° longitude by 1/4° latitude resolution from 2008 to 2012 for China, which was based on the total annual CPs emissions for the nation. The total national SCCPs emission during this 5-year period was 5651.5 tons. An additive in metal cutting fluids was a major emission source in China, contributing 2680.2 tons to the total atmospheric emissions of SCCPs from 2008 to 2012, followed by the production of CPs (2281.8 tons), plasticizers (514.3 tons), flame retardants (108.6 tons), and net import (66.6 tons). Most of these emission sources are located along the eastern seaboard of China and southern China. A coupled atmospheric transport model was employed to simulate environmental contamination by SCCPs using the gridded emission inventory of SCCPs from 2008 to 2012 as the model initial conditions. Simulated atmospheric and soil concentrations were compared with field monitoring data to validate the emission inventory. The results showed good consistency between modeled and field sampling data, supporting the reliability and credibility of the gridded SCCPs emission inventory that was developed in the present study.