Main content area

Influence of extracellular polymeric substances on cell-NPs heteroaggregation process and toxicity of cerium dioxide NPs to Microcystis aeruginosa

Yang, Yangyang, Hou, Jun, Wang, Peifang, Wang, Chao, Wang, Xun, You, Guoxiang
Environmental pollution 2018 v.242 pp. 1206-1216
Microcystis aeruginosa, adverse effects, ceric oxide, energy, energy-dispersive X-ray analysis, growth retardation, inhibitory concentration 50, nanoparticles, scanning electron microscopy, toxicity
The presence of abundant extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) play a vital role in affecting heteroaggregation process and toxicity of nanoparticles (NPs) to Microcystis aeruginosa. Interactions between n-CeO2 and cyanobacteria with/without EPS and the toxicity of n-CeO2 to M. aeruginosa were investigated in this study. Aggregation kinetics of n-CeO2 under both soluble EPS (SEPS) and bound EPS (BEPS) indicated the presence of EPS could induced the formation of EPS-NPs aggregates. Heteroaggregation between cells and n-CeO2 was confirmed through co-settling experiment and SEM-EDS observation. SEPS contributed to the observable heteroaggregation using spectral measurement. Heteroaggregation between cells and n-CeO2 under no BEPS was hardly obtained through spectral measurement, but SEM-EDS observation convinced this process. And the DLVO theory explained this heteroaggregation process under various EPS conditions, where the energy barrier decreased with gradual EPS extraction. In addition, the order for 96 h half growth inhibition concentration (IC50) was Raw M9 > M9-SEPS > M9+BEPS > M9-BEPS. These results revealed that not all heteroaggregation between cell-NPs can lead to the NPs toxicity to cells. BEPS act more important role in buffering against the toxicity of NPs from ambient adverse factors, but SEPS increase the stability of NPs which could aggravate the adverse effects of NPs in the environment.