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Analysis of the Allergenic Epitopes of Tropomyosin from Mud Crab Using Phage Display and Site-Directed Mutagenesis

Liu, Guang-Yu, Mei, Xue-Jiao, Hu, Meng-Jun, Yang, Yang, Liu, Meng, Li, Meng-Si, Zhang, Ming-Li, Cao, Min-Jie, Liu, Guang-Ming
Journal of agricultural and food chemistry 2018 v.66 no.34 pp. 9127-9137
Scylla serrata, allergenicity, amino acids, bacteriophages, crabs, epitopes, patients, site-directed mutagenesis, synthetic peptides, tropomyosins
Mud crab (Scylla serrata), which is widely consumed, can cause severe allergic symptoms. Eight linear epitopes and seven conformational epitopes of tropomyosin (TM) from S. serrata were identified using phage display. The conformational epitopes were formed based on the coiled-coil structure of TM. Most of the epitopes were located in the regions where primary structures were conserved among crustacean TM. Twelve synthetic peptides were designed according to the epitopes and trypsin-cutting sites of TM, among them, three synthetic peptides (including one linear epitope and two conformational epitopes) were recognized by all of the patient sera using inhibitory dot blotting. A triple-variant (R90A-E164A-Y267A) was constructed based on the critical amino acids of the TM epitope. The IgE-binding activity of the triple-variant was significantly reduced compared with that of native TM. The results of phage display and site-directed mutagenesis offered new information regarding conformational epitopes of TM.