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Effect of Microwave Frying on Acrylamide Generation, Mass Transfer, Color, and Texture in French Fries

Sansano, M., De los Reyes, R., Andrés, A., Heredia, A.
Food and bioprocess technology 2018 v.11 no.10 pp. 1934-1939
French fries, acrylamides, ambient temperature, color, frying, lipid content, mass transfer, microwave ovens, oils, potato chips, potatoes, texture
The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of microwave power on acrylamide generation, as well as moisture and oil fluxes and quality attributes of microwave-fried potatoes. Concretely, 25 g of potato strips, in 250 mL of fresh oil (at room temperature), were subjected to three different microwave powers (315, 430, and 600 W) in a conventional microwave oven. Microwave frying resulted in an acrylamide reduction ranged from 37 to 83% compared to deep-oil frying. Microwave-fried French fries presented lower moisture and higher fat content than deep-oil fried potatoes. Concretely, microwave-fried potatoes presented values of moisture and texture more similar to potato chips than French fries, nonetheless with lower fat levels (less than 20 g/100 g wb) and acrylamide content (lower than 100 μg/kg wb) at the reference time. This study presents an alternative way of frying to address the production of healthier potato chips.