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Molecular analysis of influenza A H1N1pdm09 virus circulating in Madhya Pradesh, India in the year 2017

Pandey, Salonee, Sahu, Mahima, Potdar, Varsha, Barde, Pradip
Virusdisease 2018 v.29 no.3 pp. 380-384
amino acid sequences, amino acid substitution, aspartic acid, genes, hemagglutinins, influenza, monitoring, phylogeny, public health, vaccines, virulence, viruses, India
Influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 emerged as a major public health problem in 2009. The virus has evolved since then and has acquired several mutations that are epidemiologically important. Viral hemagglutinin (HA) protein is crucial determinant for virus entry, antigenicity, and virulence. The information regarding amino acid substitutions in HA protein of viruses circulating in India during 2017 is lacking. We sequenced HA gene of Influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 detected in Central India and compared the amino acid sequences with present vaccine component and contemporary Influenza A (H1N1) pdm09 sequences. We observed 7 amino acid changes of which two (T508A and I510T) were novel to Central Indian strain. Further, the substitution of Aspartate by Glycine at 222, which is known to have clinical implications, was detected in sequences from western India. The phylogenetic analysis revealed that the circulating virus belonged to clade 6B.1. The appreciable acquired mutations by the virus are not important antigenically and the present vaccine provides effective protection. On the other hand, the amino acid substitutions may play important role in epidemiology; we suggest rigorous molecular monitoring and documentation for timely interventions.