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Efficient visible light photocatalytic NOx removal with cationic Ag clusters-grafted (BiO)2CO3 hierarchical superstructures

Feng, Xin, Zhang, Wendong, Deng, Hua, Ni, Zilin, Dong, Fan, Zhang, Yuxin
Journal of hazardous materials 2017 v.322 pp. 223-232
X-radiation, absorption, electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, models, nitrogen oxides, photocatalysis, photocatalysts, silver, trapping
A facile method was developed to graft cationic Ag clusters on (BiO)2CO3 hierarchical superstructures (BHS) surface to improve their visible light activity. Significantly, the resultant Ag clusters-grafted BHS displayed a highly enhanced visible light photocatalytic performance for NOx removal due to the direct interfacial charge transfer (IFCT) from BHS to Ag clusters. The chemical and coordination state of the cationic Ag clusters was determined with the extended X-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) and a theoretical structure model was proposed for this unique Ag clusters. The charge transfer process and the dominant reactive species (OH) were revealed on the basis of electron spin resonance (ESR) trapping. A new photocatalysis mechanism of Ag clusters-grafted BHS under visible light involving IFCT process was uncovered. In addition, the cationic Ag clusters-grafted BHS also demonstrated high photochemical and structural stability under repeated photocatalysis runs. The perspective of enhancing photocatalysis through combination of microstructural optimization and IFCT could provide a new avenue for the developing efficient visible light photocatalysts.